Ph.D. Thesis

My Ph.D. Thesis was published as

Laitinen, Timo. Energetic Particle Acceleration and Transport in Wave-heated Solar Wind,
Annales Universitatis Turkuensis, Ser. A I, Part 301. Painosalama Oy - Turku, Finland. ISBN 951-29-2372-6, ISSN 0082-7002. 2003.

The Introduction and Conclusions are available through this link (298kB pdf). The list of the peer-reviewed manuscripts, which formed part of the Thesis, is given on page 7 of the Introduction.

Articles in peer-reviewed journals and conference series

Below, I list my published peer-reviewed journal and proceedings articles. You can view my publication and citation information also through

(please note that just searching with my name will most likely catch another T. Laitinen in space physics, and miss some of my papers classified in Physics).

Articles [23], [31], [37], [38], [44] [64] and [65] have been published in peer-reviewed conference proceedings.

  1. S. Dalla, G. De Nolfo, A. Bruno, J. Giacalone, T. Laitinen, S. Thomas, M. Battarbee, and M. S. Marsh. 3D propagation of relativistic solar protons through interplanetary space. arXiv e-prints, pages arXiv:2002.00929, February 2020. arXiV, ADS
  2. Leon Kocharov, Melissa Pesce-Rollins, Timo Laitinen, Alexander Mishev, Patrick Kühl, Andreas Klassen, Meng Jin, Nicola Omodei, Francesco Longo, David F. Webb, Hilary V. Cane, Bernd Heber, Rami Vainio, and Ilya Usoskin. Interplanetary Protons versus Interacting Protons in the 2017 September 10 Solar Eruptive Event. ApJ, 890(1):13, February 2020. DOI, ADS
  3. T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. From Sun to Interplanetary Space: What is the Pathlength of Solar Energetic Particles? ApJ, 887(2):222, December 2019. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  4. T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, M. Battarbee, and M. S. Marsh. Forecasting Solar Energetic Particle Fluence with Multi-Spacecraft Observations. In Claire Foullon and Olga E. Malandraki, editors, Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, volume 335 of IAU Symposium, 298–300. August 2018. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  5. S. Dalla, B. Swalwell, M. Battarbee, M. S. Marsh, T. Laitinen, and S. J. Proctor. Application of Test Particle Simulations to Solar Energetic Particle Forecasting. In Claire Foullon and Olga E. Malandraki, editors, Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts, volume 335 of IAU Symposium, 268–271. August 2018. DOI, ADS
  6. Timo Laitinen, Frederic Effenberger, Andreas Kopp, and Silvia Dalla. The effect of turbulence strength on meandering field lines and Solar Energetic Particle event extents. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 8:A13, February 2018. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  7. T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and D. Marriott. Early propagation of energetic particles across the mean field in turbulent plasmas. MNRAS, 470(3):3149–3158, September 2017. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  8. Leon Kocharov, Silja Pohjolainen, Alexander Mishev, Mike J. Reiner, Jeongwoo Lee, Timo Laitinen, Leonid V. Didkovsky, Victor J. Pizzo, Roksoon Kim, Andreas Klassen, Marian Karlicky, Kyung-Suk Cho, Dale E. Gary, Ilya Usoskin, Eino Valtonen, and Rami Vainio. Investigating the Origins of Two Extreme Solar Particle Events: Proton Source Profile and Associated Electromagnetic Emissions. ApJ, 839(2):79, April 2017. DOI, ADS
  9. S. Dalla, M. S. Marsh, P. Zelina, and T. Laitinen. Time dependence of Fe/O ratio within a 3D solar energetic particle propagation model including drift. A&A, 598:A73, February 2017. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  10. T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Energetic Particle Transport across the Mean Magnetic Field: Before Diffusion. ApJ, 834(2):127, January 2017. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  11. T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle access to distant longitudes through turbulent field-line meandering. A&A, 591:A18, June 2016. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  12. S. Dalla, M. S. Marsh, and T. Laitinen. Drift-induced Deceleration of Solar Energetic Particles. ApJ, 808(1):62, July 2015. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  13. M. S. Marsh, S. Dalla, M. Dierckxsens, T. Laitinen, and N. B. Crosby. SPARX: A modeling system for Solar Energetic Particle Radiation Space Weather forecasting. Space Weather, 13(6):386–394, June 2015. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  14. T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, E. Valtonen, and S. Dalla. Correcting for Interplanetary Scattering in Velocity Dispersion analysis of Solar Energetic Particles. ApJ, 806(1):114, June 2015. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  15. L. Kocharov, T. Laitinen, R. Vainio, A. Afanasiev, K. Mursula, and J. M. Ryan. Solar Interacting Protons Versus Interplanetary Protons in the Core Plus Halo Model of Diffusive Shock Acceleration and Stochastic Re-acceleration. ApJ, 806(1):80, June 2015. DOI, ADS
  16. Leon Kocharov, Timo Laitinen, Ilya Usoskin, and Rami Vainio. Transmission and Emission of Solar Energetic Particles in Semi-transparent Shocks. ApJl, 787(2):L21, June 2014. DOI, ADS
  17. Rami Vainio, Arttu Pönni, Markus Battarbee, Hannu E. J. Koskinen, Alexandr Afanasiev, and Timo Laitinen. A semi-analytical foreshock model for energetic storm particle events inside 1 AU. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, 4:A08, February 2014. DOI, ADS
  18. Leon Kocharov, Timo Laitinen, and Rami Vainio. The Effect of Turbulence Intermittence on the Emission of Solar Energetic Particles by Coronal and Interplanetary Shocks. ApJl, 778(1):L5, November 2013. DOI, ADS
  19. S. Dalla, M. S. Marsh, J. Kelly, and T. Laitinen. Solar energetic particle drifts in the Parker spiral. Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 118(10):5979–5985, October 2013. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  20. M. Battarbee, R. Vainio, T. Laitinen, and H. Hietala. Injection of thermal and suprathermal seed particles into coronal shocks of varying obliquity. A&A, 558:A110, October 2013. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  21. M. S. Marsh, S. Dalla, J. Kelly, and T. Laitinen. Drift-induced Perpendicular Transport of Solar Energetic Particles. ApJ, 774(1):4, September 2013. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  22. T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M. S. Marsh. Energetic Particle Cross-field Propagation Early in a Solar Event. ApJl, 773(2):L29, August 2013. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  23. S. Lange, F. Spanier, M. Battarbee, R. Vainio, and T. Laitinen. Particle scattering in turbulent plasmas with amplified wave modes. A&A, 553:A129, May 2013. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  24. T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, J. Kelly, and M. Marsh. Energetic Particle Diffusion in Critically Balanced Turbulence. ApJ, 764(2):168, February 2013. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  25. J. Kelly, S. Dalla, and T. Laitinen. Test-particle simulations of SEP propagation in IMF with large-scale fluctuations. In Qiang Hu, Gang Li, Gary P. Zank, Xianzhi Ao, Olga Verkhoglyadova, and James H. Adams, editors, American Institute of Physics Conference Series, volume 1500 of American Institute of Physics Conference Series, 109–114. November 2012. DOI, ADS
  26. J. Kelly, S. Dalla, and T. Laitinen. Cross-field Transport of Solar Energetic Particles in a Large-scale Fluctuating Magnetic Field. ApJ, 750(1):47, May 2012. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  27. T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and J. Kelly. Energetic Particle Diffusion in Structured Turbulence. ApJ, 749(2):103, April 2012. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  28. M. Battarbee, T. Laitinen, and R. Vainio. Heavy-ion acceleration and self-generated waves in coronal shocks. A&A, 535:A34, November 2011. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  29. M. Aguilar, J. Alcaraz, J. Allaby, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, L. Arruda, P. Azzarello, and et al. Isotopic Composition of Light Nuclei in Cosmic Rays: Results from AMS-01. ApJ, 736(2):105, August 2011. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  30. M. Aguilar, J. Alcaraz, J. Allaby, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, L. Arruda, P. Azzarello, and et al. Relative Composition and Energy Spectra of Light Nuclei in Cosmic Rays: Results from AMS-01. ApJ, 724(1):329–340, November 2010. DOI, ADS
  31. T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, and E. Valtonen. On the Effect of Pre-event Background in Determining Solar Particle Event Onset. In M. Maksimovic, K. Issautier, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet, and F. Pantellini, editors, Twelfth International Solar Wind Conference, volume 1216 of American Institute of Physics Conference Series, 249–252. March 2010. DOI, ADS
  32. M. Battarbee, T. Laitinen, R. Vainio, and N. Agueda. Acceleration of Energetic Particles Through Self-Generated Waves in a Decelerating Coronal Shock. In M. Maksimovic, K. Issautier, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet, and F. Pantellini, editors, Twelfth International Solar Wind Conference, volume 1216 of American Institute of Physics Conference Series, 84–87. March 2010. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  33. L. Kocharov, T. Laitinen, A. Al-Sawad, O. Saloniemi, E. Valtonen, and M. J. Reiner. Gradual Solar Energetic Particle Event Associated with a Decelerating Shock Wave. ApJl, 700(1):L51–L55, July 2009. DOI, ADS
  34. Robert F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, Ralph McNutt, Nathan A. Schwadron, Priscilla C. Frisch, Mike Gruntman, Peter Wurz, and Eino Valtonen. Interstellar heliospheric probe/heliospheric boundary explorer missiona mission to the outermost boundaries of the solar system. Experimental Astronomy, 24(1-3):9–46, May 2009. DOI, ADS
  35. Robert F. Wimmer-Schweingruber and Ralph McNutt. The Interstellar Heliopause Probe: Heliospheric Boundary Explorer Mission to the Interstellar Medium. Earth Moon and Planets, 104(1-4):17–24, April 2009. DOI, ADS
  36. A. Al-Sawad, O. Saloniemi, T. Laitinen, and L. Kocharov. Observation of a solar energetic particle event behind previous coronal mass ejection. A&A, 497(1):L1–L4, April 2009. DOI, ADS
  37. R. Vainio and T. Laitinen. Simulations of coronal shock acceleration in self-generated turbulence. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 70(2-4):467–474, February 2008. DOI, ADS
  38. R. Vainio and T. Laitinen. Turbulence transport and shock acceleration in solar corona. In Dastgeer Shaikh and Gary P. Zank, editors, Turbulence and Nonlinear Processes in Astrophysical Plasmas, volume 932 of American Institute of Physics Conference Series, 350–355. August 2007. DOI, ADS
  39. AMS-01 Collaboration, M. Aguilar, J. Alcaraz, J. Allaby, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, and et al. Cosmic-ray positron fraction measurement from 1 to 30 GeV with AMS-01. Physics Letters B, 646(4):145–154, March 2007. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  40. R. Vainio and T. Laitinen. Monte Carlo Simulations of Coronal Diffusive Shock Acceleration in Self-generated Turbulence. ApJ, 658(1):622–630, March 2007. DOI, ADS
  41. K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, E. Valtonen, and T. Laitinen. Proton and helium release times in SEP events observed with SOHO/ERNE. A&A, 442(2):673–685, November 2005. DOI, ADS
  42. M. Aguilar, J. Alcaraz, J. Allaby, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, and et al. A study of cosmic ray secondaries induced by the Mir space station using AMS-01. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 234(3):321–332, June 2005. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  43. Leon Kocharov, Marianna Lytova, Rami Vainio, Timo Laitinen, and Jarmo Torsti. Modeling the Shock Aftermath Source of Energetic Particles in the Solar Corona. ApJ, 620(2):1052–1068, February 2005. DOI, ADS
  44. T. . Laitinen. A Simple Model for Reflection-Driven Spectral Evolution of Turbulence in the Corona and Inner Heliosphere. Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions, 1:35–43, January 2005. DOI, ADS
  45. E. Valtonen, T. Laitinen, and K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa. Energetic particle signatures of geoeffective coronal mass ejections. Advances in Space Research, 36(12):2295–2302, January 2005. DOI, ADS
  46. T. Laitinen, R. Vainio, and H. Fichtner. On the acceleration and wave heating of the solar wind: implications of the mean free path of solar energetic particles. In Marco Velli, Roberto Bruno, Francesco Malara, and B. Bucci, editors, Solar Wind Ten, volume 679 of American Institute of Physics Conference Series, 303–306. September 2003. DOI, ADS
  47. R. Vainio, T. Laitinen, and H. Fichtner. A simple analytical expression for the power spectrum of cascading Alfvén waves in the solar wind. A&A, 407:713–723, August 2003. DOI, ADS
  48. T. Laitinen, H. Fichtner, and R. Vainio. Toward a self-consistent treatment of the cyclotron wave heating and acceleration of the solar wind plasma. Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 108(A2):1081, February 2003. DOI, ADS
  49. T. Laitinen and R. Vainio. Shock acceleration of energetic particles in wave heated corona. Advances in Space Research, 32(12):2603–2608, January 2003. DOI, ADS
  50. AMS Collaboration, M. Aguilar, J. Alcaraz, J. Allaby, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, and et al. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) on the International Space Station: Part I - results from the test flight on the space shuttle. Phys. Rep., 366(6):331–405, August 2002. DOI, ADS
  51. J. Alcaraz, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, L. Baldini, M. Basile, and et al. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS). Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 478(1-2):119–122, February 2002. DOI, ADS
  52. R. Vainio and T. Laitinen. The relation between cyclotron heating and energetic particles on open coronal field lines. A&A, 371:738–747, May 2001. DOI, ADS
  53. AMS Collaboration, J. Alcaraz, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, L. Baldini, and et al. Helium in near Earth orbit. Physics Letters B, 494(3-4):193–202, November 2000. DOI, ADS
  54. J. Alcaraz, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, L. Baldini, M. Basile, and et al. Cosmic protons. Physics Letters B, 490(1-2):27–35, September 2000. DOI, ADS
  55. T. Laitinen, K. -L. Klein, L. Kocharov, J. Torsti, G. Trottet, V. Bothmer, M. L. Kaiser, G. Rank, and M. J. Reiner. Solar energetic particle event and radio bursts associated with the 1996 July 9 flare and coronal mass ejection. A&A, 360:729–741, August 2000. ADS
  56. J. Alcaraz, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, L. Baldini, M. Basile, and et al. Leptons in near earth orbit. Physics Letters B, 484(1-2):10–22, June 2000. DOI, ADS
  57. J. Alcaraz, D. Alvisi, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, L. Baldini, and et al. Protons in near earth orbit. Physics Letters B, 472(1-2):215–226, January 2000. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  58. R. Vainio, L. Kocharov, and T. Laitinen. Interplanetary and Interacting Protons Accelerated in a Parallel Shock Wave. ApJ, 528(2):1015–1025, January 2000. DOI, ADS
  59. Leon Kocharov, Jarmo Torsti, Timo Laitinen, and Matti Teittinen. Post-Impulsive-Phase Acceleration in a Wide Range of Solar Longitudes. Sol. Phys., 190:295–307, December 1999. DOI, ADS
  60. J. Alcaraz, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, P. Azzarello, R. Battiston, P. Bene, J. Berdugo, B. Bertucci, A. Biland, S. Blasko, M. Bourquin, W. J. Burger, X. D. Cai, M. Capell, J. Casaus, M. Cristinziani, T. S. Dai, P. Emonet, T. Eronen, P. Extermann, E. Fiandrini, A. Hasan, H. Hofer, A. Klimentov, T. Laitinen, G. Lamanna, A. Lebedev, P. Levtchenko, K. Lubelsmeyer, W. Lustermann, M. Menichelli, M. Pauluzzi, E. Perrin, N. Produit, D. Rapin, F. Raupach, D. Ren, M. Ribordy, J. -P. Richeux, E. Riihonen, V. Shoutko, H. Suter, J. Torsti, J. Ulbricht, J. Vandenhirtz, G. Viertel, D. Vite, W. Wallraff, M. Weisgerber, and S. X. Wu. A silicon microstrip tracker in space: experience with the AMS silicon tracker on STS-91. Nuovo Cimento A Serie, 112A(11):1325–1343, November 1999. ADS
  61. J. Alcaraz, D. Alvisi, B. Alpat, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, L. Ao, A. Arefiev, P. Azzarello, E. Babucci, L. Baldini, and et al. Search for antihelium in cosmic rays. Physics Letters B, 461(4):387–396, September 1999. arXiV, DOI, ADS
  62. L. Kocharov, G. A. Kovaltsov, T. Laitinen, P. Mäkelä, and J. Torsti. Interacting and Interplanetary Protons Accelerated on Diverging Magnetic Field Lines: Stochastic Acceleration. ApJ, 521(2):898–905, August 1999. DOI, ADS
  63. J. Torsti, L. Kocharov, M. Teittinen, A. Anttila, T. Laitinen, P. Mäkelä, E. Riihonen, R. Vainio, and E. Valtonen. Energetic (\raisebox -0.5ex~10-65 MeV) protons observed by ERNE on August 13-14, 1996: Eruption on the solar back side as a possible source of the event. J. Geophys. Res., 104(A5):9903–9910, May 1999. DOI, ADS
  64. J. Torsti, A. Anttila, L. Kocharov, P. Mäkelä, E. Riihonen, T. Sahla, M. Teittinen, E. Valtonen, T. Laitinen, and R. Vainio. Energetic (\ensuremath \sim 1 to 50 MeV) protons associated with Earth-directed coronal mass ejections. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(14):2525–2528, January 1998. DOI, ADS
  65. L. G. Kocharov, J. Torsti, T. Laitinen, and R. Vainio. Implications of Proton Anisotropy Development Observed by the ERNE Instrument During the 9 July 1996 Solar Particle Event. Sol. Phys., 175(2):785–795, October 1997. DOI, ADS
  66. J. Torsti, T. Laitinen, R. Vainio, L. Kocharov, A. Anttila, and E. Valtonen. Recurrence of Energetic Particle Flux Anisotropy as Observed by ERNE on 9 July 1996. Sol. Phys., 175(2):771–784, October 1997. DOI, ADS
  67. J. Torsti, E. Valtonen, L. G. Kocharov, R. Vainio, E. Riihonen, A. Anttila, T. Laitinen, M. Teittinen, and J. Kuusela. First Energetic Particle Events Observed by the ERNE Instrument. Sol. Phys., 170(1):179–191, January 1997. DOI, ADS
  68. J. Torsti, E. Valtonen, E. Riihonen, M. Teittinen, A. Anttila, R. Vainio, P. Mäkelä, T. Eronen, T. Laitinen, and G. Schultz. ERNE observations of energetic particle fluxes. Advances in Space Research, 20(1):91–98, January 1997. DOI, ADS

Articles in non-peer-reviewed conference series

[14] T. Laitinen. Experimental overview on Future Solar and Heliospheric research. ArXiv e-prints, February 2017. [ arXiv | ADS ]
[13] T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Transport of Solar Energetic Particles across the Parker field due to field line meandering. In 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2015), volume 34 of International Cosmic Ray Conference, page 191, July 2015. [ ADS ]
[12] S. Dalla, M. Marsh, P. Zelina, and T. Laitinen. 3D simulations of heliospheric propagation of heavy-ion solar energetic particles. In 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2015), volume 34 of International Cosmic Ray Conference, page 213, July 2015. [ ADS ]
[11] P. Zelina, S. Dalla, and T. Laitinen. Multi-spacecraft observations of heavy-ion solar energetic particles. In 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2015), volume 34 of International Cosmic Ray Conference, page 55, July 2015. [ ADS ]
[10] E. Valtonen, R Vainio, J. Rodriguez-Pacheco, L. Kocharov, T. Laitinen, and the EPD/LET Team. A low energy telescope for solar orbiter. In Proc. of the 2nd Solar Orbiter Workshop, ESA SP-641, page 6, 2007.
[9] K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, E. Valtonen, and T. Laitinen. Modulation of Velocity Dispersion of Solar Energetic Particles by Pre-Event Background. In SOHO-17. 10 Years of SOHO and Beyond, volume 617 of ESA Special Publication, July 2006. [ ADS ]
[8] R. Vainio, T. Laitinen, and H. Fichtner. Energetic particle mean free path in the wave heated solar wind. In 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference, volume 8, page 3539, Tsukuba, Japan, 2003.
[7] Timo Laitinen and Rami Vainio. The relation between cyclotron heating and energetic particles on open coronal field lines. In 27th International Cosmic Ray Conference, volume 8, page 3223, Hamburg, Germany, August 2001.
[6] Leon Kocharov, Jarmo Torsti, Matti Teittinen, and Timo Laitinen. Post-impulsive-phase acceleration of >10 mev protons. In 26th International Cosmic Ray Conference, volume 6, pages 236--239, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, August 1999.
[5] The AMS Collaboration. The AMS silicon tracer: Performance results from STS-91. In 26th International Cosmic Ray Conference, volume 5, pages 88--91, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, August 1999.
[4] The AMS Collaboration. The design and construction of the AMS silicon tracer. In 26th International Cosmic Ray Conference, volume 5, pages 92--95, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, August 1999.
[3] Kocharov, L., Torsti, J., Laitinen, T., and Vainio, R. Implications of proton anisotropy development observed by ERNE instrument during the 9 july 1996 solar particle event. In 25th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Durban, South Africa, July 1997.
[2] Torsti, J., Laitinen, T., Kocharov, L., Anttila, A., Vainio, R., and Valtonen, E. Recurrence of energetic particle flux anisotropy observed by ERNE on july 9, 1996. In 25th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Durban, South Africa, July 1997.
[1] Torsti, J., Valtonen, E., Teittinen, M., Anttila, A., Laitinen, T., Mäkelä, P., Riihonen, E., Schultz, G., and Vainio, R. Periodicity of the energetic particle fluxes measured by SOHO ERNE in 1996. In 25th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Durban, South Africa, July 1997.

This file was generated by bibtex2html 1.98.

Oral and Poster presentations

[72] T. Laitinen, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and A. Kopp. Solar energetic particle access to distant heliolongitudes. AGU Fall meeting, Washington, USA, 10-14 December, 2018. Invited Talk (Given by Frederic Effenberger.
[71] T. Laitinen. Solar particle transport in the inner heliosphere. Workshop on "Particle Acceleration and Transport: from the Sun to Extragalactic Sources", Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy, 12-16 November, 2018. Invited Talk.
[70] T. Laitinen. Modelling sep transport along meandering field lines. Workshop on FLRW NASA project, Caltech, Pasadena, USA, 22 July, 2018. Talk.
[69] T. Laitinen. Modelling of non-diffusive transport of solar energetic particles. COSPAR, Pasadena, USA, 15-21 July, 2018. Invited Talk.
[68] T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Recent advances in heliospheric transport of solar energetic particles. DPG Frühjahrstagung,Würzburg, Germany, 19-23 March, 2018. Invited Talk.
[67] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, F. Effenberger, and A. Kopp. Solar energetic particle propagation along meandering field lines. RAS meeting on Solar orbiter, 10 November, 2017. Talk.
[66] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, M. Battarbee, and M. Marsh. What can we learn from l1/l5 solar energetic particle observations? L5 Consortium meeting, Göttingen, Germany, 17-20 October, 2017. Talk.
[65] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, M. Battarbee, and M. Marsh. Forecasting solar energetic particle fluence with multi-spacecraft observations. IAU Symposium 335: "Space Weather of the Heliosphere: Processes and Forecasts", Exeter, UK, 17-21 July, 2017. Poster.
[64] T. Laitinen and Dalla. Next-generation modelling of solar energetic particles. L5 in Tandem with L1: Future Space Weather Missions Workshop, London, UK, 6-9 March, 2017. Talk.
[63] T. Laitinen. Experimental overview on future solar and heliospheric research. European Cosmic Ray Symposium, Torino, Italy, 4-9 September, 2016. Invited review talk.
[62] T. Laitinen and Dalla. Charged particles in solar wind turbulence: Transition from field line meandering dominated propagation to diffusion. National Astronomical Meeting, Nottingham, UK, 27 June - 1 July, 2016. Talk.
[61] T. Laitinen. Solar energetic particle propagation in the heliosphere: Before diffusion. Imperial College, UK, 17 May, 2016. Invited seminar talk.
[60] T. Laitinen, Kopp. A., F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle transport along meandering interplanetary magnetic field lines. MIST meeting, Lancaster, UK, 5-7 April, 2016. Talk.
[59] T. Laitinen, , Kopp. A., F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle transport along meandering interplanetary magnetic field lines. EGU, Vienna, Austria, 17-22 April, 2016. Poster.
[58] T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Charged particle propagation along and across random-walking field lines. RAS Specialist meeting “Turbulence in solar, space, and astrophysical plasmas”, London, UK, 11 March, 2016. Talk.
[57] T. Laitinen. Solar energetic particle propagation in the heliosphere: Before diffusion. University of Glasgow, UK, 25 February, 2016. Invited seminar talk.
[56] T. Laitinen, , Kopp. A., F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Transport of solar energetic particles across the parker field due to field line meandering. ISSI meeting, Bern, Switzerland 2--6 November 2015, 2015. Talk.
[55] T. Laitinen and S. Dalla. Charged particle propagation: Transition from fieldlines to diffusion. ISSI meeting, Bern, Switzerland 2--6 November 2015, 2015. Talk.
[54] T. Laitinen, , Kopp. A., F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Transport of solar energetic particles across the parker field due to field line meandering. ICRC, Den Haag, Netherlands, 30 July -- 6 August, 2015. Contributed Talk.
[53] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Solar energetic particle transport across the parker field direction due to field line meandering (with an introduction to particle transport). National Astronomical Meeting, Llandudno, UK, 5--9 July, 2015. Invited Talk.
[52] T. Laitinen. Sep observations from l5: a view on anisotropies and space weather prediction. L5 consortium meeting, London, UK, 11--14 May, 2015. Ad-Hoc Talk.
[51] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Energetic particle propagation in critically balanced turbulence. Workshop on "Cosmic Ray Anisotropies", Bad Honnef, Germany, January 26--30, 2015. Invited Talk.
[50] T. Laitinen, Kopp. A., F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Transport of solar energetic particles across the parker field direction due to field line meandering. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 15--19, 2014. Poster.
[49] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Energetic particle cross-field propagation in meandering fields. RAS Specialist meeting "Energetic particles in the heliosphere and their influence on space weather and space climate", London, UK, November 14, 2014. Poster.
[48] T. Laitinen. Energetic particle transport in space plasmas: Theory and modeling. Annual Meeting of the Astronomische Gesellschaft, Bamberg, Germany, September 22--26, 2014. Invited Talk.
[47] T. Laitinen. Transport of high-energy particles in the interplanetary plasma. National Astronomical Meeting, Manchester, UK, June 23--26, 2014. Invited Talk.
[46] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. Energetic particle cross-field propagation in meandering fields. National Astronomical Meeting, Manchester, UK, June 23--26, 2014. Poster.
[45] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. The role of field-line meandering in the early evolution of a solar energetic particle event. Hot Spring MIST, Bath, UK, February 23-25, 2014. Talk.
[44] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M.S. Marsh. The role of field-line meandering in the interplanetary propagation of solar energetic particles. Alliance Workshop, Manchester, UK, February 17-18, 2014. Talk.
[43] T. Laitinen, A. Kopp, F. Effenberger, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Perpendicular transport of solar energetic particles through field-line meandering. RAS Specialist meeting on space weather, London, UK, December 13, 2013. Poster.
[42] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Cross-field transport of energetic particles early in a solar event. Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, UCLan, Preston, UK, November 13, 2013. Seminar talk.
[41] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. The role of field-line meandering in the early evolution of a solar energetic particle event. University of Kiel, Germany, October 17, 2013. Invited seminar talk.
[40] T. Laitinen, R. Vainio, M. Battarbee, and A. Pönni. Acceleration of solar energetic particles through self-generated waves in coronal shocks. RAS Specialist meeting on Field-aligned particle acceleration in space plasmas, London, UK, October 11, 2013. Talk.
[39] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. Energetic particle cross-field propagation early in a solar event. European Week of Astronomy and Space Science, Turku, Finland, July 8--12, 2013. Talk.
[38] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. The role of field-line meandering in the early evolution of a solar energetic particle event. Shine Conference, Buford, GA, USA, June 24--28, 2013. Poster.
[37] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and M. Marsh. The role of field-line meandering in the early evolution of a solar energetic particle event. Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany, May 29, 2013. Invited seminar talk.
[36] T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, E. Valtonen, and S. Dalla. Analysing solar particle event onset: The effect of pre-event background. SepServer Workshop, March 19--22, Meudon, France, 2013. Invited Talk.
[35] T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, E. Valtonen, and S. Dalla. Analysing solar particle event onset: The effect of pre-event background. Solar in Sonoma, Petaluma, Sonoma, CA, USA, Nov 27 -- Dec 2, 2012. Talk.
[34] Solar Energetic Particles in Turbulent Heliosphere. T. laitinen. University of St Andrews, Nov 6, 2012. Invited seminar talk.
[33] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, J. Kelly, and M. Marsh. Energetic particle transport in turbulence with scale-dependent anisotropy. Solar Wind 13, Kona-Kailua, Hawaii, USA, June 18--22, 2012. Poster.
[32] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and J. Kelly. Energetic particle propagation in structured turbulence. National Astronomical Meeting, Manchester, UK, March 27--30, 2012. Talk.
[31] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and J. Kelly. Energetic particle propagation in structured turbulence. 11th Annual IAC on Space Weather: The Space Radiation Environment, Palm Springs, CA, USA, March 19--23, 2012. Talk.
[30] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and J. Kelly. Energetic particle propagation in structured turbulence. Stereo-4/SDO-2/SOHO-25 Workshop, Kiel, Germany, July 22--29, 2011. Poster.
[29] T. Laitinen, S. Dalla, and J. Kelly. Test particle studies of wave-particle interaction. Workshop on energetic particle transport, Glasgow, Jan 7, 2011. Talk.
[28] T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, and E. Valtonen. On the effect of pre-event background in solar particle event timing. Autumn MIST, London, UK, 26 Nov, 2010. Poster.
[27] T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, and E. Valtonen. Case studies on the effect of pre-event background in solar particle event timing. European Cosmic Ray Symposium, Turku, Finland, 3 -- 6 Aug, 2010. Talk.
[26] T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, and E. Valtonen. Case studies on the effect of pre-event background in solar particle event timing. 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Bremen, Germany, 18 - 25 July, 2010. Talk.
[25] M. Battarbee, T. Laitinen, R. Vainio, and N. Agueda. Shock obliquity and pre-heated particle populations in self-consistent particle shock acceleration. Physics Days, Jyväskylä, Finland, 11 -- 13 March, 2010. Poster.
[24] T. Laitinen, K. Huttunen-Heikinmaa, and E. Valtonen. On the effect of pre-event background in determining solar particle event onset. FinCospar meeting, Oulu/Rokua, Finland, 3 -- 5 September, 2009. Poster.
[23] T. Laitinen. Modeling heliospheric turbulence. FinCospar meeting, Espoo, Finland, 4 -- 5 October, 2007. Poster.
[22] T. Laitinen. Modeling heliospheric turbulence. Würzburg, Germany, 31 July, 2007. Invited talk.
[21] T. Laitinen. Where to go with turbulence. Workshop on Interacting Solar and Heliospheric Disturbances and their Significance for the Transport of Energetic Particles, Germany, 2 -- 3 August, 2005. Talk.
[20] T. Laitinen. Turbulence in solar wind modeling. Workshop on Collective Processes in Astrophysical Plasmas: Waves, Heating and Accelerated Particles, Bochum, Germany, 13 -- 15 July, 2005. Talk.
[19] T. Laitinen, R. Kissmann, and H. Fichtner. A solar wind model with a reflection-driven cascade. Solar Wind 11 / SOHO 16, Whistler, Canada, 12 -- 17 June, 2005. Talk.
[18] T. Laitinen. A simple model for reflection-driven spectral evolution of turbulence in the corona and inner heliosphere. EGU General Assembly 2005 Vienna, Austria, 24 -- 29 April, 2005. Talk.
[17] T. Laitinen. Heliospheric turbulence, solar wind and energetic particles. Workshop on Collective Processes in Astrophysical Plasmas: Waves, Heating and Accelerated Particles, Turku, Finland, 16 November, 2004. Talk.
[16] T. Laitinen and R. Kissmann. Energetic particle mean free path in the corona: Toward a consistent treatment. Chapman Conference on Solar Energetic Plasmas and Particles, 2--6 August 2004, Turku, Finland, 2004. Poster.
[15] T. Laitinen, R. Kissmann, H. Fichtner, and R. Vainio. On the influence of non-wkb reflection on turbulent cascading. 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Paris, France, 18--25 July 2004, 2004. Talk.
[14] T. Laitinen. Wave reflection-driven cascade in the solar wind. PLATON Final Meeting, Observatoire Astronomique, Strasbourg, France,24--25 June 2004., 2004. Talk.
[13] T. Laitinen. A simple formulation for non-wkb wave reflection from large-scale gradients. Frühjahrstagung Extraterrestrische Physik, Kurzzeitphysik und Plasmaphysik. Kiel, Germany, March 8--11, 2004. Poster.
[12] T. Laitinen, H. Fichtner, and R. Vainio. Consequences of wave-wave -interactions for solar wind heating and energetic particle transport. EGS--AGU--EUG Joint Assembly-- Nice, France, April 6--11, 2003. Poster.
[11] T. Laitinen and E. Valtonen. Geoeffective cmes and energetic particles: The influence of ambient solar wind. EGS--AGU--EUG Joint Assembly-- Nice, France, April 6--11, 2003. Poster.
[10] E. Valtonen, E. Riihonen, K. Huttunen, T. Eronen, T. Laitinen, M. Teittinen, and J. Torsti. Web access to the soho/erne energetic particle data. EGS--AGU--EUG Joint Assembly-- Nice, France, April 6--11, 2003. Poster.
[9] Timo Laitinen. Solar wind turbulence and seps. Second UCRJET International Workshop, Bochum, Germany, 2003. Invited workshop talk.
[8] Timo Laitinen. On the influence of cascade to solar wind and energetic particles. 3rd PLATON Annual Meeting, Tenerife, 22/23 January 2003, 2003. Workshop talk.
[7] T. Laitinen, H. Fichtner, and R. Vainio. A steady-state two-fluid wave heating model for the solar wind. Seminar talk at Institut für theoretische Physik IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 2002. Invited seminar talk.
[6] Timo Laitinen. On the relation between solar wind heating and energetic particles. VISPA seminar series, 2002. Seminar talk.
[5] Timo Laitinen, Horst Fichtner, and Rami Vainio. A steady-state two-fluid wave heating model for the solar wind. PLATON Annual Meeting/2nd PLATON Workshop on Heating and Winds,Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 14/15 January 2002, 2002. Workshop talk.
[4] Timo Laitinen and Rami Vainio. The relation between cyclotron heating and sep acceleration on open coronal field lines. 1st PLATON Workshop on Flares, CMEs and Reconnection, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 11/12 June 2001., 2001. Workshop talk.
[3] T. Laitinen, K L. Klein, L. Kocharov, J. Torsti, G. Trottet, V. Bothmer, M. L. Kaiser, G. Rank, and M. J. Reiner. Solar energetic particle event and radio bursts associated with the 1996 july 9 flare and coronal mass ejection. American Geophysical Union 2000 Spring Meeting, 2000. Poster.
[2] Timo Laitinen. AMS:n sukkulalento. Suomen VII kansallinen COSPAR-kokous, 1998. Poster.
[1] Pertti Mäkelä and Timo Laitinen. The energetic and relativistic nuclei and electron experiment ERNE. The 34th Culham Plasma Physics Summer School, 1997. Poster.

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